Archive for the ‘Spirituality’ Category

Adik Maas in Luni-Solar Calendars of India

June 10, 2018

I am not sure how many of my readers are aware that we are in the 13th month of the Hindu luni-solar calendar. Though this is only the third month of this current Hindu Luni-Solar calendar, this month (from 16th May 2018 to 13th June 2018) is an extra month, called Adik-Jyeshta, and eventually we will have 13 months during this year in this luni-solar Hindu calendar. From 14th June 2018, we will have the 4th month of Luni-Solar Vilambi year and it will be called as Nija-Jyeshta. The current luni-solar year will range from on 18th March 2018 to 6th April 2019 (i.e. totally 384 days).  The names of the 13 months of current Vilambi year are:

Chaitra, Vaisaka, Adik-Jyeshta, Nija-Jyeshta, Ashada, Sravana, Bhadrapada, Aasvina, Karthika, Margasira, Pausha, Magha, Phalguna.

But why 13 months and 384 days are in this year? We are all aware that lunar months are based on the lunar cycle of 29.53 days between two new moons. An ‘Amanta’ lunar month ends on the new moon day and a new month begins on the next day. (Ama-anta: Ending in Amavasya, the New moon). Hence normally the lunar year will be of 354 days. This is 11 days short of a normal solar year. Hence, to synchronise with Solar year, approximately every third year an extra month (adik Maas) of 29.53 days is added making a year of 384 days. On an average, Adik Maas (or extra month) comes once in 2 years and 8.5 months. A lunar month is given the same name as the solar month in which the new moon occurs signalling the end of the lunar month. Since a solar month is generally of 30 days or more, there are occasions when two new moons occur within a solar month, one at the start and the other at the end. This results in the particular solar year having 13 new moons, instead of normal 12. This accounts for the 13th month or Adik-Maas (extra month). The lunar month starting on the first new moon of this solar month is designated as Adik-Maas with the same name as the next month with an adjective ‘Adik’ or extra. The next lunar month starting after 2nd new moon of the solar month, will also  have the same name, but with adjective ‘Nija’ or real.

During the current solar year of Vilambi, you may observe two new moon days in the second solar month of Vaikasi, (Rishaba or Vaisaka), one on 1st of Vaisaka (15th May 2018) and another one on 30th of Vaisaka (13th June 2018). Hence we have two months of Jyeshta named as Adik-Jyeshta, Nija-Jyeshta. Adik-Jyeshta Amavsasya is occurring in Solar month of Vaisaka itself as extra amavasya, and Nija-Jyeshta  Amavsaya, in Aani, Mithuna or Jyeshta Maasa. Please refer Tamil ‘Pambu’ Panchangam.

Similarly, a few of the shorter solar months of 29 days, (as in Margazhi, Paush and Magh), may, very rarely, not have any new moon at all. Such a solar month is known as ‘Kshaya maas’ or defective month. When this happens there will generally be two Adik maases, one in the month prior to, and another in the month subsequent to kshaya Maas. If Paush happens to be kshaya maas, then Kartika and Phalgun will have two Amavasyas each. Then the sequence will be, Adik Kartika, Nija-Kartika, Margasira, Magh, Adik-Phalgun, Nija-Phalgun. Lunar month of Paush will not exist at all and the year still having 13 months.

I have discussed only about Luni-Solar ‘Amanta’ calendar widely followed in South India and Maharashtra. A major variation of this is known as “Purnimanta calendars”, (purnima-anta: ending in Pournami, Full moon), which are followed in most of the Hindi belt in North India. It generally follows the same principle, including the names of the months. Following is an interesting point to note. Purnimanta months are named after the star that is brightest and closest to the moon, on the full moon day. Amanta calendar also adopted the same names.  Same names were adopted by the Solar system also, in addition to the names of the zodiac. In fact Kerala still go by Rasi names only for the solar months.

In the appendix, I have given a list of Regional Varieties of the Indian Calendars, as given by Helmer Aslaksen and Akshay Regulagedda.

The Government of India set up a committee to reform our calendars in 1955 with the renowned physicist Meghnad Saha as its chairman. The committee recommended, among other things, that the Indian Solar year should start on March 22, the vernal equinox, and the first month should be called Chaitra. It was adopted, with a lot of fanfare, as The Indian National Calendar known as ‘Saka Varsh’ in 1957. But the Union Govt under Sri Jawahar Lal Nehru failed to respect the existing system which was also based on scientific observations and principles. Our existing almanacs were described as “encyclopaedia of errors, superstitions and half truths”. Hence Saka calendar failed to take off. (Satyam Bhruyat, Priyam Bhruyat !!!) Even the current universal Gregorian calendar proposed in 1582 CE got adopted by England only in 1752 CE. But then, it was proposed by Pope Gregory, not by any Govt order.

Ref:

  1. Tamil Pambu Panchngam – விளம்பி வருஷ வாக்கிய பஞ்சாங்கம்
  2. Regional Varieties of the Indain Calendars –http://www.math.nus.edu.sg/aslaksen/calendar/indian_regional.html
  3. Names of the Months in the Indian Calendars   http://www.math.nus.edu.sg/aslaksen/calendar/indian_months.html
  4. Medieval mistake – by Biman Nath :FRONTLINE, Vol. 25 – 06 : Mar. 15-28, 2008;    http://www.frontline.in/static/html/fl2506/stories/20080328250610000.html

Appendix:

From: http://www.math.nus.edu.sg/aslaksen/calendar/indian_regional.html

Regional Varieties of the Indian Calendars

 by:  Helmer Aslaksen and Akshay Regulagedda

State   Calendar   New Year
Andhra Pradesh   Southern amanta   One day after the last new Moon before the Mesha samkranti
Goa   Southern amanta   One day after the last new Moon before the Mesha samkranti
Karnataka   Southern amanta   One day after the last new Moon before the Mesha samkranti
Maharashtra   Southern amanta   One day after the last new Moon before the Mesha samkranti
Gujarat   Western amanta   One day after Deepavali
Gujarat – Kathiawar   Western amanta   Ashaadha S 1
Bihar   Purnimanta   One day after the last full Moon before the Mesha samkranti
Chattisgarh   Purnimanta   One day after the last full Moon before the Mesha samkranti
Delhi   Purnimanta   One day after the last full Moon before the Mesha samkranti
Haryana   Purnimanta   One day after the last full Moon before the Mesha samkranti
Himachal Pradesh   Purnimanta   One day after the last full Moon before the Mesha samkranti
Jammu and Kashmir   Purnimanta   One day after the last full Moon before the Mesha samkranti
Jharkhand   Purnimanta   One day after the last full Moon before the Mesha samkranti
Madhya Pradesh   Purnimanta   One day after the last full Moon before the Mesha samkranti
Uttaranchal   Purnimanta   One day after the last full Moon before the Mesha samkranti
Uttar Pradesh   Purnimanta   One day after the last full Moon before the Mesha samkranti
Rajasthan   Purnimanta   One day after the last full Moon before the Mesha samkranti
Punjab   Purnimanta   One day after the last full Moon before the Mesha samkranti
Punjab – Nanakshahi   (Solar) Sidereal; fixed relative to Gregorian calendar   14th March
Tamil Nadu   Solar   The Mesha samkranti
Kerala   Solar   Simha samkranti
Orissa   Solar   The Mesha samkranti
Assam   Solar   Solar day after the Mesha samkranti
Tripura   Solar   Solar day after the Mesha samkranti
West Bengal   Solar   Solar day after the Mesha samkranti

Note: The table is exhaustive neither in terms of calendars nor in terms of states. Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Sikkim were left out.

 

 

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Spirituality and Patriotism in National Politics

March 24, 2018

There is a general feeling, promoted and attempted to be perpetuated, by leftists and the so-called liberals, that Indian Nationalists in the form of BJP/RSS have hijacked Swamy Vivekananda and Subash Chandra Bose as their icons of Spirituality and Patriotism. It is nice that these people at least agree that Swami Vivekananda and Sri Subash Chandra Bose are the Indian idols representing India’s Spiritual and Patriotic traditions. The thought and Sloka attributed by these leftists to Swami Vivekananda, as the evidence of his ‘secular’ and ‘pluralistic’ ideas, is actually the essence of Hindu thought and their way of living. The Sloka   “Aakashath Pathitham Thoyam Yatha Gachathi Sagaram, Sarvadeva Namaskaram Keshavam Prathi Gachathi”, is an ancient well known principle enshrined in every Hindu mind, even before the time of Swami Vivekananda. (Just as the rains falling from the sky, gets back to the sea; Prayers to all the different gods gets  back to the supreme GOD, Kesahav or Maha Vishnu)  This is one of the very first prayers taught to every child of devout Hindu parents. Most of the world religions have accepted this principle, that there is only one God, identified by different names and forms. As Hindus, we already have many deities, from forms to formless, from animals to trees and from five elements to stars and planets. We intrinsically know that all of them will lead to same Godhood. This principle was kept hi-jacked by the secular leftists, if at all, and it has recently been released and made known to their followers, emulating Swami Vivekananda. How can anyone say that the present regime is discouraging the above thought by projecting (or hijacking) Swami Vivekananda? Is it not totally illogical? When Vivekananda and his thoughts were easily available for all, where is the need for anyone to hijack?

Once I had a school mate (Mr. Abdul Subhan) with whom I used to exchange tiffins, of course, on days when he brings vegetarian food. In due course, just as a token of our friendship, he almost always brought vegetarian tiffin to be able to exchange with me every day. Eventually he became a vegetarian even at home on his own accord. Vegetarianism and Veganism are healthy modes of eating practices recognised all over the world. There is nothing spiritual or religious about it. By promoting vegetarianism one is not promoting Hindu religion and by promoting Veganism neither she is promoting Jainism. Forcing and fouling food habits either way is not acceptable.      

Spiritualism is beyond religion or culture or eating practices. Many of the so-called atheists and agnostics have displayed several trends of spiritual thinking, not necessarily religious. Spiritually inclined persons, irrespective of their religion (or no-religion) have always displayed better value systems. Such spiritual people with better value systems should be at the helm of all public affairs and especially in politics.

Integrity and Sense of Justice are also in some way spiritual qualities, evolved out of spiritual thinking. It has nothing to do with any religion or patriotism. Patriotism (or loyalty) is a must for certain disciplines of human activity. Though it is commonly called as loyalty, Patriotism is nobler than loyalty, since it involves sacrifice. In the name of global or universal view, our patriots and our soldiers and their selfless sacrifices cannot be insulted.   On the contrary they should be honoured and respected.

How can anyone hi-jack Spirituality and Patriotism, leave alone their idols? Senses of Spirituality and Patriotism are important requirement for any Political System, Political Party and Political Leadership. That is why nations have oath taking ceremonies for elected politicians and they also have National Anthems, Flags and Emblems. Do we not display our patriotism collectively on Independence Day and Republic Day?

If Spirituality and Patriotism are kept out of politics, we will have only mob-ocracy and not democracy.

Thirukkural – 292

December 3, 2017

Chapter – 30 / Vaaymai/ Verse – 2

பொய்ம்மையும் வாய்மை யிடத்தே – புரைதீர்ந்த

நன்மை பயக்கும் எனின்.

Poymmaiyum vaaymai idatthE – purai theerndha

Nanmai payakkum enin

 

Poymmai(yum) – (Even) a lie

Vaaymai – Oral Integrity or communicative integrity

Purai – harm, crime

Purai Theerndha – Harmless, without criminal intent

Nanmai – Good, comfort, help

Payakkum – Yield, achieve

Nanmai Payakkum enin – If it yields good result of comfort or help.

Even a lie will be acceptable as vocal integrity, if it yields, but without any criminal intent, good result of comfort or help.

This whole chapter No.30 of ten verses speak about ‘Vaaymai’ as a virtue. Saint Tiruvalluvar defines Vaaymai in the first verse of the chapter as ‘any communication which does not bring harm to anyone’.

‘Vaaymai’ does not have a good translation in English. You may roughly call it as vocal (or communicative) integrity.

This Chapter talks about Truthfulness only in the last verse where the saint says ‘Vaaymai’ is better than ‘Meimmai’. He says there is no better truthfulness than communicative integrity.

He talks about Vaaymai in two more verses where he states vaaymai is the best form of penance and charity and it keeps your mind bright and without guilt. At the same time he extols the virtues of ‘Poyyamai’ or being against falsehood, in five verses. He does not at all approve any type of falsehood.

We may compare this with a famous Sanskrit verse of Saint Adi Sankara: “Satyam bruyat priyam bruyat.  Na bruyat satyam apriyam. Priyam cha nanrutam bruyat. Esha dharmah sanatanah.”  Truth is always spoken with kindness. Truth is never spoken in a harsh way. Even with kindness falsehood is not to be spoken. This is the eternal path of virtue.

Here also the saint give preference to Vaaymai than Meimmai, i.e., Communicative integrity than truthfulness.  After all, Tamil Nadu Government’s emblem saying வாய்மையே வெல்லும் (Vaaymai alone triumphs) is right, instead of the usual (Satymeva Jayate) Truth alone triumphs. We may rank these virues as: Poyyamai is the best, Vaaimai is the next and Meimmai is the last.

There is a proverb in Tamil which says “Unnmai Sudum” (உண்மை சுடும்​), Bear Truth Hurts. As per both Adi Sankara and Tiruvalluvar, we should not tell this truth which hurts. (i.e.) if you are unable to tell it in a way it does not hurt. In such a situation where the ‘Truth Hurts’, It is better to tell a lie, provided it does not have any criminal intent. Hence the Titukkural says,

Even a lie is better than the truth if it yields

Haven to a disturbed situation

Bye till the next Tirukkural.

 

Nadopasana

July 25, 2017

(Nada Upasana)

There is no better way to invoke the blessings of Almighty than to do Nadopasana (i.e.) invocation to divine Nadabrahma.

It is difficult to describe Nada in one word. It is Sound, but really more than just the sound. It is Vibrations, but more than just vibrations, physical or metaphorical.

It is the first form of energy, released by the union of Shiva and Shakti, to start the entire Creation. It all started with a Big-Bang.

From Hindu scriptures we learn, the seed of this energy (Nada Bindu) is dormant in Shiva, and is enhanced by the active Energy of Shakti. ‘Kala’ are the ways by which this Nada is expressed. This is why we pray to lord Subramanya, as ‘Nada Bindu Kalaadhi Namo Namo’. In its divine from, it is invoked as Nada Brahmam, and practiced by sages as Nada Yoga.

In Indian Carnatic Music, there are many kritis (compsitions) by Saint Thyagaraja, grouped as Nadopasana Kritis, which describes Nada Upasana (i.e., invoking Nada as Nada Brahma). Saint Thyagaraja practices it himself and extols those who have practiced it. Here are a few typical ones from which we get a very good idea of Nada Brahmam.

“O Mind! By becoming a lover of Nada, attain the eternal Bliss. By total involvement in that music through countless ragas which result by the manipulation of the seven notes of music and which fulfills all the righteous desires, attain such a Bliss. Know that it is by this expression and experience of Nada that the trinity -Indra, Ganesha and Subrahmanya and other personages had done upasana. Myself, Thyagaraja is also aware of this”. (Nadaloludai – Raga Kalyana Vasantham)

“O Mind! Praise the divinely beautiful forms of the seven musical notes, which originate, glow and then pass through in the navel, heart, vocal chords, tongue and nose of the human body. (These seven notes) shine in the four Vedas and in the sublime Gayathri Mantra as its essence. (These seven notes) sparkle in the hearts of, the celestial beings, the worthy Bhusuras and in myself, Thyagaraja”. (Sobhillu Saptha Swara – Raga Jaganmohini)

“Hari, i.e., God Vishnu, is immensely pleased with the garland made of a hundred melodious ragas. Let us adore and adorn (him with this garland) and be bestowed with abundant fortune. The garland of ragas is embellished with the essence of vedas, the six sastras, the epics and the Agamas (science of architecture). It is said that the sages and seers are blessed with eternal Bliss by such adoration of God. These are the songs that the most fervent devotees sing and immerse in. The garland of ragas would bestow salvation to me, Thyagaraja also. (Ragaratnamalikache – Raga Ritigaula)

 There many more such krithis such as: Sangita-jnanamu; Nada tanum anisam; Gitarthamu; Nadopasanace; Mokshamugalada and Svara-raga-sudha etc.

Let us also, with our limited capability and in all humbleness practice this Nadopasana.

– Nagarajan L V : 19/5/2017

 

Deluge – A Sequel?

October 19, 2016

A New Chapter

I am again returning to the Novel ‘Deluge – Agasthya Secrets’ by Dr Ramesh Babu. It is about a year since the Novel has been published. It is an ancient mystery novel set in modern times, in the style of Dan Brown. I thoroughly enjoyed the novel and had recommended the same to many of my friends. I had also written a review of the same, available elsewhere in my blog site. I felt it required a final chapter to tie up a few loose ends and also to give scope for a sequel, if ever, in the future. Initially I thought this added chapter, when read alone, will spoil the suspense element of the original narration and hence, I did not publish the same in my blog site. Now I have made a few changes which will hold the eventual suspense, and at the same time will induce the readers to read the whole novel. To begin with, I am introducing the important characters of the novel before going for the finale proposed by me.

Swathi: A medical intern starting on a career in medical research in micro biology for finding new antibiotics and pro-biotics. She teams up with an American professor in finding herbal antibiotics and takes the help of Ashwin, for locating herbal plants near Rameswaram.

Ashwin: An IIT(M) graduate in Marine Engineering and on internship at Indian Maritime University at Chennai, interested in Marine biology and Archeology.

Ravi: Director of Indian Maritime University at Chennai, a Marine Archeologist, guiding Ashwin in his internship.

MARCOS: Short form for Marine Commandos, a special operation unit of Indian Navy.

Shivani: Joined the team of Ashwin/Swathi, as a member of MARCOS, a marine commando unit, to prevent a possible terrorist attack from the sea, off the coast of Rameswaram.

Lee: Brings along a mini nuclear submarine Triton-1000 from China to help the team (!?!), in under water exploration.

 

THE FINALE

27th March 2016, 6.00 AM

After seeing off Ashwin/Swathi/Shivani trio, leaving for high seas by speed boat, Ravi was lucky to find a modest inn near Uvari itself and had a nap over night. But he got up early at 5 AM, with the village getting busy so early in the next morning. He tried to call Ashwin/Swathi, but their phones were out of range. He packed up his things and left, to take a tour of the shore temple as he had planned earlier. As he approached the Temple he again tried Ashwin/Swathi, as he was getting worried about them. He was looking at the sea intermittently for any sign of them. When he was trying his phone again, he sensed some movement in the sea. When he looked up with hope, he could only see a floating object slowly swaying towards the shore. It was semi-circular in shape and as it came nearer he realized it as a lifebuoy. But why is it floating vertically, as though some thing heavy is hanging from it? He approached the object and pulled the same to the shore. It was a lifebuoy with the inscription, TRITON 1000. Is it not the family of mini submarines, used for under water explorations, he suspected. As he pulled it completely, he saw a heavy object entangled with lifebuoy through some wild sea weeds. It was looking like a wheel guard of a heavy vehicle made of blue PVC material. It had a slit opening in which a black object was remaining stuck. On closer look he recognized it as the stone tablet Ashwin was handling the previous day. Now he was sure something serious has happened to Ashwin trio in the high seas. He again tried to contact them without success. He noticed the tablet now to have the inscriptions erased on both sides.

Sadly Ravi walks towards the shore temple ruins, after safe guarding his finds from the sea in his car. He went inside the temple ruins, to where sanctum sanctorum should have been. There was no Sivalinga – perhaps, it has been moved to the new Swayambu Linga temple nearby. The entrance to the sanctum was somewhat intact. He could see the carvings of Sages Patanjali and Vyagrapadar on either side of the entrance. But he was pleasantly surprised to see carvings of sage Agasthya below Patanjali and of sage Tirumoolar below Vyagrapadar. This carving of Agasthya was exactly the same as what they saw in Tiruchuli, again with the typical signature of Agasthiyar at the bottom, in Harappan script. Oh! What is this big space beneath the Agasthyar’s carving? It looks as though a tile of granite has been removed from this space. However on the other side there was a granite peace in place below Tirumoolar, though slightly damaged. Just as he was wondering about this, Sun’s rays started falling on these carvings. And in the sunlight he could see faintly a similar map in the space below Agasthya, as he has seen earlier on the tablet which he just now retrieved from the sea (with all inscriptions erased on both sides). But the Brahmi scripts on the map were not same. It did not take long for him to realize the map with the scripts was a mirror image of the original. Does it mean that the tablet originally belonged to this temple?

Ravi came hurrying to his car where he has stored the tablet and the lifebuoy. As he was about to return to the ruins with the tablet, he received a call from Swathi and was relieved to know they are safe. He asked them to come over to Uvari for the surprising revelation. As they arrived there in about twenty minutes along with Marcos team, they explained about what happened to them at the Spot-X. When Ravi showed them the tablet and lifebuoy of TRITON 1000, they all guessed that Shivani and Lee might have been involved in the mysterious explosion that occurred below the sea. Could they have ejected themselves and escaped? Or?

Ravi, Ashwin and Swathi approached the stone tablet in the car with all reverence. When they lifted it out into the sun, they could again see the map in the sun light at a particular angle. Ravi immediately reversed the tablet – Yes, they could see the inscription on the reverse also in the early morning sun light. Apparently the ancient chemical used for inscription is able to show up under ultra violet rays of the early morning sun!  They carried the Tablet as though it is a divine idol and tried to place it in the space below the Agasthya carving in the shore temple. Like a strong magnet the frame attracted the tablet with perfect fitting. It may require some force to take the same thing out again. Ravi observed a smile in the face of sage Agasthya. Or was it his imagination? But what is it about a similar tablet below Thirumoolar? Ravi made a mental note to come back soon to the site with ultraviolet lamp and other accessories to do further research.

With the sun still falling on the temple they could still read the inscription shining in the ultraviolet rays.

ஊழி அடைத்த உலக நாதன்

ஆழி வேலெறிந்த அய்யன் தலம்

Uuzhi adaitha Ulaga naathan

Aazhi vel erintha ayyan thalam

Ravi understood. Yes,

“Know this place from where the Swami

  Threw his spear to seal Tsunami”


 

(PS): I shared this proposed final chapter with the author Mr. Ramesh Babu. He liked this so much, he is proposing to include this finale in the next edition of the book. In his own words, “One reader Mr. L. Nagarajan has suggested an entire new chapter to my novel. It fits in so well just after the climax and also follows my style of narration! Hats off!” (https://plus.google.com/101148246018050836170). You may get this book ‘Deluge (Agasthya Secrets)’, at the following sites:

https://notionpress.com/read/deluge

https://store.kobobooks.com/en-US/ebook/deluge-20

http://bookstore.bookcountry.com/Products/SKU-001042017/Deluge.aspx

https://www.amazon.com/Deluge-Agasthya-Secrets-Ramesh-Babu-ebook/dp/B014XUEVR0

 

Dan Brown’s Inferno, the hell

August 19, 2016

I just finished (Aug 2016) reading the novel Inferno by Dan Brown. When I finished reading The Amber Room by Steve Berry, I wrote a blog about similar mysteries that abound in ancient and medieval India. I invoked English language writers of Indian origin to write such mysteries a-la Dan-Brown-Style, but with Indian artifacts and mysteries. (Please refer to my blog.

https://lvnaga.wordpress.com/2014/01/28/ancient-mystery-thriller/). My thirst for the same was quenched somewhat by a novel ‘Deluge – Agasthya’s Secrets’, by Dr. Ramesh Babu of Chennai. (https://lvnaga.wordpress.com/2016/03/22/dr-ramesh-babu-indian-version-of-dan-brown/).

This new novel ‘Inferno’ by Dan Brown is based on a biological ‘terrorism’ of scientific age placed in the surroundings of medieval mysteries of Ottoman Empire covering present day Florence of Italy and Istanbul of Turkey.

This novel is heavily based on Italian poet Dante Alighieri’s master piece ‘The Devine Comedy’ consisting of three cantos – Inferno, Purgatory and Paradise, describing the path of the dead/soul towards hell, punishment and finally perhaps the heaven. There are many articles available in the net comparing this piece of literature with similar ideas represented in ancient Hindu scriptures by Saint Veda Vyasa in his Garuda Purana. Some of them even suggest that Dante was inspired by this description of Hell (and the travel of soul with its pseudo-body through the hell to the Paradise). I wonder if any other Indian  literature has given annotations of this work in Sanskrit or any other modern languages. I am vaguely familiar with a story in Mahabharat where King Yutishtra, with all his integrity and moral equipoise, is made to undergo a horrible view of the Hell, as a punishment for his abetment of a lie in killing Aswatthama in the war. Any extract of description such a view, is it available, I wonder.

(Those who have not read this novel ‘Inferno’ and are planning to read the same, may please avoid reading further, to retain the mystery and suspense of the Novel.)

In this novel there are some unexplained ambiguities as below

  • How can a single type of vector virus would do equal harm to the fertility of both men and women? Evidently, their reproductive systems are quite different.
  • Neither it is necessary to affect random one-third of both male and female population equally, to reduce the birth rate by a third.
  • Hence it is better to say that the vector-virus modifies the DNA of whole population but switches on at random only in one-third of male population. This will reduce the birth rate by one-third and gradually reduce the population by a third, as this DNA-Virus from even unaffected males gets inherited by the subsequent population. It will be again switched on at random in one third of males in every generation.
  • Though a lot of anxiety is expressed by all the characters in the novel about this biological ‘terror’, it appears to be a very humane way of controlling the population. It is same as vasectomy and tubectomy, which are of course, voluntary. This type of population control is normally adopted in animals and pests.
  • The characters in the novel, opposed to this type of ‘terrorism’ initially, come around and accept the same and think of making it reversible.

However the novel is quite interesting and highly readable. I understand it is also coming as a movie soon with Indian actor Irfan Khan in the role of Provost, the off-shore expediter and the secondary antagonist in the novel.

PS: I remember playing a board game in my village (India) on the nights of Gokul Ashtami and Shivratri known as Parama Pada Shobanam. It is a kind of a snake and ladder game where we start from hell and pass through several evil images and then on to happy images and finally to the heavenly images of Gods.(i.e. Inferno, Purgatory and Paradise).  On the way we encounter many snakes (named after villains of Hindu epics) and ladders of good conduct and behaviors. I wish somebody adds an image of this board to this blog. (LVN)

 

 

Dr. Ramesh Babu, Indian Version of DAN BROWN

March 22, 2016

Deluge

Agasthya Secrets

A novel by Dr. Ramesh Babu

A REVIEW by L V Nagarajan

An Indian version of Dan Brown has risen in the horizon. Many of us might have read Dan Brown’s Novels Da Vinci Code, Angels & Demons, Digital Fortress and the like. These novels are based on ancient mysteries being interpreted and used in the present days for good or bad deeds. These mysteries involve codes, puzzles and secrets that existed in the context of medieval European History. We always felt Indian history and culture, being much older, offers much more scope for such novels.

Please refer to my blog:

(https://lvnaga.wordpress.com/2014/01/28/ancient-mystery-thriller/) wherein I have given some ideas on such themes.

 

Dr. Ramesh Babu’s novel DELUGE is a very successful attempt to create a full length fiction of ancient mystery thriller set in modern India. He has made an excellent mix of several ancient intrigues like, Nadi jyothish, Siddha philosophy, mythology of Lord Siva as Tripurandaka, mystical land of Lemuria, ancient Tamil-Brahmi scripts etc. This novel is about events set to happen in the near future. The parallel story of devas and asuras of yore and merging it with the tsunami of Lemuria keep the reader quite engaged. The synthesis of Vedic Culture and Tamil Culture has been brought out very well in the narration. Extremist views in Politics and Religion has also been brought out convincingly. Narration is very absorbing and it is difficult to believe that it is author’s first full length novel.

I recommend this novel to all my friends for a good read.

Following are the details

Deluge

Agasthya Secrets

By Dr. Ramesh Babu, MS, MCh, FRCS Glas, FRCS Edin, FRCS Paed
Professor of Paediatric Urology,
SRMC, Chennai.

https://notionpress.com/read/deluge

Nagarajan

Swatch Bharath Abhyan

October 1, 2015

Swatch Bharath Abhyan

(Clean India Campaign)

It is just one year since the above campaign was launched by our Prime Minister Shri Modi. Many reviews of ‘progress-so-far’ have appeared in print, visual, electronic and social media. Ignoring the politically biased views, generally there is a concern that the campaign has not achieved the desired result so far. Mr. Modi has perhaps anticipated such apathy to the campaign and hence has given himself and the government 5 full years up to 2019 to achieve reasonable cleanliness. Still it is a good idea to review the ‘progress-so-far’ and take some positive actions to improve the progress based on our experience till now.

What makes the public places and surroundings unclean? There are about 10 types of wastes generated by individuals, families and institutions. They are:

Kitchen/Garden waste

Personal and Health care waste

Stationery waste

Plastic waste

Packing waste

Party/event waste

Industrial waste

Construction waste

Electrical/Electronic waste

Metal waste

General public need a lot of guidance and facilities to dispose of these wastes appropriately. I am attempting here to give my own ideas on how to dispose of Plastic Wastes in an environmentally friendly way.

  1. Single plastic bags should never be disposed of on their own. It is more likely to fly off anywhere and block any drain or air passage and block water seepage to the ground and below.
  2. Any thin plastic bag should be disposed off tying its ends together in to a bundle so that it cannot balloon and fly off.
  3. At home a number of such tied up thin plastic bags should all be gathered together in to a larger plastic bag/bundle and disposed of separately. This will enable and encourage the trash pickers to collect them and deposit them for recycling.
  4. Thicker plastic bags should be reused as much as possible. There should be municipal collection facilities where we can deposit them, after packing them neatly.
  5. Waste plastic sheets (thin and thick) should be treated the same was as bags.
  6. Plastic bottles should also be deposited in municipal collection facilities as above.
  7. Disused plastic containers and other thicker materials like boxes, mugs, buckets, furniture and fittings should all be gathered together and handed over to trash dealers personally.
  8. Housing societies and apartment complexes should have a dry waste collection day, once in a month (say, last Saturday of the month). On this day all the residents should deposit their plastic waste material collected as above in to a common bin provided for this purpose. The trash dealers may be requested to collect the same at the end of the day.
  9. Municipal ward offices should announce one day in a month (say, last Sunday of the month) as dry waste collection day and a truck should go around the ward collecting such wastes.
  10. The slums and low cost housing areas should be more actively involved in this Clean India Campaign, for it to succeed.

Such methods of waste disposal as above should be evolved for all types of wastes. They should be publicized periodically in all media, especially the vernacular ones.

Let us all have a Clean India and a Green India. Vande Mataram.

Ways To Overcome Negative Emotions

September 17, 2015

This is an extract from ‘The Speaking Tree’ columns of Times of India dated 31 Aug 2015, by Mr. Sanjay Teotia.

“Emotional balance is vital for personal well-being and the health of our communities. The path to freedom is paved with positive emotions. Negative emotions prevent inner transformation” – We do want to control negative emotions, but HOW is the question. This article suggests some logical methods for the same, which I want to share with my readers. I have listed them below:

  1. For emotional balance, never react suddenly to anything. First think, then, try to find out facts, assess the situation and then give your opinion or take action.
  2. Never be judgmental. Try to find out positive things or reasons in negative and adverse situations also.
  3. Always try to speak positive things. Emotional balance is genetic as well as acquired.
  4. It also depends on your group or friends circle. If you are surrounded by negative-thinking people who are always complaining and criticising others, then you too tend to think negatively. So try to be in the company of positive people.
  5. Emotional balance occurs when we allow ourselves to feel whatever comes up, without stifling it or being overwhelmed by it, and learn to accept our feelings without judgment.
  6. Always avoid confrontation, try to find out the middle path. Negative emotions create negative aura and spread negative vibes from the person who has negative emotions.
  7. Prayer, meditation, faith in God and kind heartedness help you remain positive.
  8. Adverse conditions or tough times come in everyone’s life but nothing is permanent. As the good time passes, in the same way bad times will also pass. Have faith in God, as it protects us from negative emotions, negative psychology, negative thinking and negative perception.
  9. Negative emotions makes the person sadist by nature, he never wants to see others happy. Such persons have complaints about God also. When they are in difficult situations they ask God, `Why me in this situation?’. They forget their fun times. They never said `Why me?’ when they went through happy times.

My Thanks to Mr. Sanjay Teotia.

Naganathar Temple at Kochadai

July 1, 2014

2

Kochadai Naganathar Sthala Puranam

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மதுரா நகராக்ரஸ்த நாளிகேர வனாலயம் …

பாரத்வாஜ குலோத்பூத மகனீயை ப்ரதிஷ்டிதம் ….

திராவிடீகவி சார்தூல வெங்குஸ்வாமி கவீடிதம் ….

மகாபூர்ண குலோத்பூத சோரநாத கவிஸ்துதம் …

நாகநாதம் அஹம் வந்தே

                              கோச்சடை க்ஷேத்ர வாஸினம்.

 

Kochadai is a small village near Madurai. Now it has become a suburb of Madurai Municipal Corporation. In this town on the banks of river Vaigai, there is a small, beautiful temple for the powerful deity of Lord Naganatha. He is worshipped both as Naga Bhushana of Lord Shiva and Naga Sayana of Lord Vishnu. Here is a brief account of the history of this temple.

About 150 years ago, (shall we say, 1860s AD) a well-to-do Brahmin of Bharatwaja Gothra was living in Madurai, in Kaka Thoppu agraharam. He owned a big coconut farm near Kochadai, on the banks of river Vaigai. He used to visit this farm very often. During one of his visits he happened to stay late in the afternoon. Hence he decided to perform his sandya-vandana there. He was performing Gayathri Japam with his eyes closed. After the japam when he opened his eyes, he was startled to see a big cobra with a wide open hood in front of him. He decided not to panic. He calmly completed his sandya-vandana. Surprisingly the cobra was also waiting. When he observed the cobra keenly, he found that it was sticking out his fangs and there was a thorn stuck deep into his fangs. The cobra was obviously in pain, not being able to get rid of the thorn. The bold Brahmin used the stem of his uttarini (spoon), and succeeded in digging out the thorn. The cobra was visibly relieved. But to Brahmin’s surprise it started circum ambulating him. After doing three pradakshans, it stuck the ground three times as though doing a sathya-pramaan. Then the cobra had gone away.

After returning home, the Brahmin narrated the event to his family and they were all very surprised. The same night Lord Naganatha, in his 5-headed glory appeared in the Brahmin’s dream and appreciated him for saving the life of one of his clan. The Lord promised him that no harm will come to any future generations of the Brahmin, from any snake or from any poison. The Lord asked the Brahmin to build a temple for him in the same spot at Kochadai and to adopt Lord Naganatha, as their family deity in future. With His divine grace, the Kochadai Naganatha Swamy Temple was constructed by the family at the present site. The family, which had Saptha Matha or Saptha Kannika as their Kula Devata (A small temple near Siruthyur, Lalgudi), had since started offering prayers to Lord Naganatha at Kochadai. Even today a few of our family members visit Vaishnavi (Ila-madicchi Amman) kovil in Siruthyur and pray just to keep the link. Otherwise the family have adopted Lord Naganatha as their Kula Devata and prays at Kochadai. They do Samaradhanai at the Temple premises ahead of any marriage or upanayanam ceremonies in the family. These days, a few of our family members even do Mudi-kanikkai there. Some do Anga-pradkshan also there.

One of the descendents of the Brahmin, Dindugal Sri L. A. Vengusamy Iyer, had composed Tirukochadai Naganathan Stotra Venba in 1957, consisting of 51 Venbas in Tamil on Lord Naganatha. This is being regularly recited at the shrine. Another Sanskrit scholar, (and pattrachariar of Santhana Gopala Krishna Swamy Temple at Sholavandan, near Madurai), Br. Sri. Kalla Piran had composed Kochadai Naganatha Stotram in Sanskrit consisting of twenty two slokams. Many in our family have included this also in their daily prayers at home.

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(The above incident was told to me by my father when I was a young boy. It will be nice if some in our community could corroborate/supplement this narration with more facts, names and dates – L V Nagarajan, 2012)