Archive for the ‘Indian Politics’ Category

Spirituality and Patriotism in National Politics

March 24, 2018

There is a general feeling, promoted and attempted to be perpetuated, by leftists and the so-called liberals, that Indian Nationalists in the form of BJP/RSS have hijacked Swamy Vivekananda and Subash Chandra Bose as their icons of Spirituality and Patriotism. It is nice that these people at least agree that Swami Vivekananda and Sri Subash Chandra Bose are the Indian idols representing India’s Spiritual and Patriotic traditions. The thought and Sloka attributed by these leftists to Swami Vivekananda, as the evidence of his ‘secular’ and ‘pluralistic’ ideas, is actually the essence of Hindu thought and their way of living. The Sloka   “Aakashath Pathitham Thoyam Yatha Gachathi Sagaram, Sarvadeva Namaskaram Keshavam Prathi Gachathi”, is an ancient well known principle enshrined in every Hindu mind, even before the time of Swami Vivekananda. (Just as the rains falling from the sky, gets back to the sea; Prayers to all the different gods gets  back to the supreme GOD, Kesahav or Maha Vishnu)  This is one of the very first prayers taught to every child of devout Hindu parents. Most of the world religions have accepted this principle, that there is only one God, identified by different names and forms. As Hindus, we already have many deities, from forms to formless, from animals to trees and from five elements to stars and planets. We intrinsically know that all of them will lead to same Godhood. This principle was kept hi-jacked by the secular leftists, if at all, and it has recently been released and made known to their followers, emulating Swami Vivekananda. How can anyone say that the present regime is discouraging the above thought by projecting (or hijacking) Swami Vivekananda? Is it not totally illogical? When Vivekananda and his thoughts were easily available for all, where is the need for anyone to hijack?

Once I had a school mate (Mr. Abdul Subhan) with whom I used to exchange tiffins, of course, on days when he brings vegetarian food. In due course, just as a token of our friendship, he almost always brought vegetarian tiffin to be able to exchange with me every day. Eventually he became a vegetarian even at home on his own accord. Vegetarianism and Veganism are healthy modes of eating practices recognised all over the world. There is nothing spiritual or religious about it. By promoting vegetarianism one is not promoting Hindu religion and by promoting Veganism neither she is promoting Jainism. Forcing and fouling food habits either way is not acceptable.      

Spiritualism is beyond religion or culture or eating practices. Many of the so-called atheists and agnostics have displayed several trends of spiritual thinking, not necessarily religious. Spiritually inclined persons, irrespective of their religion (or no-religion) have always displayed better value systems. Such spiritual people with better value systems should be at the helm of all public affairs and especially in politics.

Integrity and Sense of Justice are also in some way spiritual qualities, evolved out of spiritual thinking. It has nothing to do with any religion or patriotism. Patriotism (or loyalty) is a must for certain disciplines of human activity. Though it is commonly called as loyalty, Patriotism is nobler than loyalty, since it involves sacrifice. In the name of global or universal view, our patriots and our soldiers and their selfless sacrifices cannot be insulted.   On the contrary they should be honoured and respected.

How can anyone hi-jack Spirituality and Patriotism, leave alone their idols? Senses of Spirituality and Patriotism are important requirement for any Political System, Political Party and Political Leadership. That is why nations have oath taking ceremonies for elected politicians and they also have National Anthems, Flags and Emblems. Do we not display our patriotism collectively on Independence Day and Republic Day?

If Spirituality and Patriotism are kept out of politics, we will have only mob-ocracy and not democracy.


South Indian National Party

January 18, 2018

South Indian National Party
Today (11th March 2017) is the day our Prime Minister Modi and his party, the BJP have scored big wins in UP and Uttarakhand. While one can be happy that Modi and De-mo have eventually won, the size of victory was definitely not expected. Personally I am afraid that this may lead to complacence among the leaders of BJP. In a more narrow sense, I am even afraid this may lead to increased neglect of South India where BJP (and congress) are considerable weak. I have always been thinking we need a strong South India based national political party to offset this neglect. No central government, which is predominantly run by North India based national party, show much interest in solving the problems of the south. It perhaps wants the southern states to be permanently in a state of mutual conflict so that they do not gain much political clout in New Delhi. These North Indian Parties may even feel politically threatened by the unity of southern states. I have listed some of these issues in the following paragraphs. This is precisely the reason why I feel there is a need for a “South Indian National Party”. This party, SINP, should encompass all the southern States namely, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra, Telengana, Goa and Puduchery. In this context, I remember the old suggestion of elder statesman Rajaji, to form a Dakshin Pradesh, as compared to Uttar Pradesh in the North, which eventually developed as power centre in the national politics.

The neglect of south starts from early days of Sri Lankan Tamils conflict in 1960s. SPKF, Liquidation of LTTE, gifting of Kaccha Tivu are all subsequent effects of such neglect. There are several great rivers in the North, flowing through several states and being shared by them in a peaceful manner with proper agreements in place and monitored by the Central Govt. To name a few: Bhakra Management Board for sharing of Sutluj and other rivers among Punjab, Haryana, HP and Rajasthan; Narmada water between Gujarat and MP. But when it comes to south, Central Govt is keeping the following river problems unresolved for many years: Krishna water to Andhra (Almatti Dam issue), Mullai Periyar issue between Kerala and Tamil Nadu, Palar issue between Andhra and Tamil Nadu and finally Cauvery issue between Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. Even after Supreme Court has ruled a solution to this problem, Central Govt is not willing to form a Cauvery Management Board. Recently we have seen the inept handling of Sasikala, Jallikattu and Hydro Carbon issues. Only time we had some unity among the southern states was when, Kamaraj, Nijalingappa, VKRV Rao, C Subramaniam and R Venkatraman were at the helm of affairs in the Congress Party.

Hence I feel the leaders of next generation of politicians in South India, should think of forging an alliance with other such leaders in the other southern states and try and form a South based national party which we may call as “South Indian National Party”. It may propose a unified solution to the problems of South India. Some of their ideals could be:

1. Any inter-state problems should be discussed dispassionately between all the stake holders and propose at least temporary or interim solution which could ward off a permanent state of animosity between the states and its peoples
2. Discuss methods of sharing all the natural resources in a mutually profitable manner
3. Forge a cultural unity among the peoples of southern states. (Music, Dance, Movies and Literature will help a lot in this respect)
4. Impress on the central Govt to have at least one short session of Parliament in the South, say Bengaluru.
5. Arrange for members of legislators of other states to attend the Assembly sessions of any state. We may even invite a few members of Parliament for such sessions. This will promote unity and also familiarity with the problems specific to such state.
6. Last but not the least, there should be mutual respect among the different language groups and cultures.
7. Could promote Southern Tourism in a big way.

Many more ideals could be added after discussion with leaders of different regions.

I am sending this note to several new wave politicians in Southern States to set them thinking on these lines. I wish they will respond and take my idea forward.

L V Nagarajan / 11th March 2017

Reply to Sagarika Ghose on Gauri Lankesh

November 21, 2017

Ms Sagarika Ghose is a reputed jounalist whom I read regularly, though I may not agree with all her views. In September 2017, She wrote a leading article in Time of India on the murder of a jounalist from Karnataka, Ms. Gauri Lankesh. I ventured to write my comments on this article as below. I was ‘honoured’ to recieve a reply from her, though it was somewhat ‘intolerent’, coming from a normally tolerent journalist. I sincerely appologised to her for arousing her anger. Now after two months I wish t share my thoughts with my readers.

Reply to Sagarika Ghose on Gauri Lankesh

  • So-called, Saffron Terrorists never claim responsibility for their ‘terrorist’ act, yes. Then why is it called a terrorist act? Most of the alleged Hindu organisations behind such acts are openly functioning. Have you ever bothered to inspect and interview any of them? Islamist and Maoist terrorists have an agenda which they want to propagate, and hence, they claim responsibility. Who are these Saffron Terror organisations and what are their agendas, I would like to know. As a responsible and leading journalist can you help us, the general public?
  • Yes there are people celebrating the death of Gauri Lankesh. It only means she has earned so many enemies. Possibly one of these enemies could have killed her, but which one, any politicians, bureaucrats or corporate honchos she was exposing, or any maoist she was counselling, or any Hindu zealots she was making fun of?
  • I was celebrating the death of Osama Bin Ladin, but I never thought of getting him killed, though I know one day he will meet this end. We all celebrated the ‘murder’ of Kasab (as per your favourites Kanhaiya Kumar and Umar Khalid), but none of us could have been suspected of killing him. Whole of India celebrate Ram Leela, the murder of a Hindu Brahmin Ravana by Kshatriya Sri Ram. Yes we wanted him dead but none of us but Ram could do it. We all know how many people wanted our PM Mr. Mody dead, including Ishrat Jahan, but the media defended her to the teeth, why?
  • You are so concerned about Ms Gauri Lankesh being branded as traitor, jihadist, Naxalite along with people like Kanhaiya and Khalid. How did the whole media blow Mr Modi’s comment on ‘Puppy under his car’, out of all proportions and kindled anti-Modi sentiments among nationalist Muslims, thus contributing to the much talked about ‘polarisation’. How did all the media blare anti-Modi propaganda 24×7 before 2014?
  • Violent minds, violent language etc will beget violent acts. I agree. Please advise the patriots ‘Owaisi’ brothers also, perhaps they may think and reflect. Somebody could have advised Ms Gauri Lankesh also about this.
  • You have described about ‘unjust-war’ on a host of things starting from the right ‘not to be Hindus’ to the right ‘to be homosexuals’, as though they are all great virtues of the whole humanity. But how do you support ‘Jihad against’ the ‘crime’ of people not willing to be Muslims, all over the world?
  • There are many leaders like Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Mahatma Ghandi and Narayan Guru who fought against caste discriminations and women’s rights without any need to be anti Hindu, like Ms Gauri Lankesh.
  • There are many people in India, who are given Z-type protection only because they feel a ‘real’ gun, not ‘symbolic gun’, is pointed at them. I wonder why Karnataka Govt did not give her the needed protection, if Gauri Lankesh had felt the gun-point.
  • I know, Ms. Sagarika, you are following Umar Khalid. Shall I conclude you agree to all his comments. I follow Mr. Yogendra Yadav, and I don’t agree to all of what he says. I can’t say the same things with somebody who re-tweets some bad comments like Dig Vijaya Singh.
  • As per many estimates BJP has received only 37% vote in 2014 elections. What happened to other 63% who were all against BJP? Are they all feeling threatened? Has any other PM faced so much harsh criticism like Mr. Modi? Are they all silenced? Mr. Kejriwal won a massive vote in Delhi. Is any gun being pointed at him for his oft-repeated swears about PM? Please do not belittle our democracy. Yes, we have a long way to go still, but don’t attempt to derail the same.

Reply to my above comments by Ms. Sagarika Ghose:

On Tuesday, 19 September 2017, 2:27:25 pm GMT+5:30, sagarika. ghose <> wrote:
“if you think Gauri Lankesh = Osama Bin Laden you suffer from hysterical fantasist delusions and a shameless hate filled bigotry that you try to rationalise through illiterate, myth-based, uneducated ramblings. I suggest you see a doctor, read better books or enrol in night school to gain the basic education you severely lack .
Sent from my iPhone
My Reply to her Mail
Dear Sagarika Madam,
I am honoured to recieve a reply from a respected journalist like you, though it contains choicest hate-words (which I never thought you are capable of. I hope it is not directly from you but from your zealous secretary).
I understand your hurt, since you thought I am equating Ms. Gauri Lankesh to Osama Bin Laden. However, if what I wrote means the same, I openly apologise to you, to all admirers of Ms Gauri Lankesh and also to her departed soul. I only compared the number of powerful enemies she earned during her journalistic career. You may note, I have also compared her with Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Mahatma Ghandi and Narayan Guru, in her fight aginst casteism in Hindu community.
I don’t know Ms. Lankesh much, either to love or hate her. Yes I consider myself ‘still to be educated’, and I am doing my best. If ever you want to know more about us, you may visit our blog site: Perhaps you may like to comment on some of the ‘secular’ posts therein. Otherwise you may as well live in your ‘Clever’s Paradise’.
Do you have any comments on the other points mentioned in my mail, even if as critical as this one?
Once again I apologise for having hurt you so much, to deserve such harsh words from you. Would you still like to get my feedback on your future articles? I would to love to. 
With respects and regards,
Now it is almost three months since the sad murder of Ms.Lankesh. The congress govenrnment in Karnataka has still not narrowed in on the culprit. I believe it could still be a Hindu fanatic or anybody else. I hope the culprit will be found and punished severely by law and justice. Through this blog , I request all journalists and general public, not to typecast people by the views expressed by them as leftist, liberal, rightists, conservative, extremists etc. Most of them have views of different types on different topics and they have every freedom to be so. This is also a matter of Unity in Diversity. Not only we have to practice tolerence, we should also celebrate such views which is the essence of democracy.

Pink Poem by Tanveer Ghazi

August 14, 2017

Movie – Pink (16 Sept 2016)

Poem –  Tu Khud Ki Khoj Mein Nikal

Lyrics – Tanveer Ghazi

Rendering by – Amitabh Bachchan


In an earlier blog (Feminism and Humanism), I had expressed my views on aggressive feminism displayed in a write-up on CNN-IBN web site. I give below a summary of my views expressed therein.

  1. A woman can decide to take time to internalize and process an incident. Outward expression may hide internal trauma. But In case of serious crimes such as rape and sexual assault one should not hide her internal trauma. She should express her internal trauma as quickly as possible after any such crime. Otherwise you are risking yourself of mal-intent.
  2. A woman can choose to file a complaint at any time she deems fit – even a month after the incident if she so chooses. However for any crime, the complaint should be made immediately after the crime. Surely efforts will be made by the criminal to stall the same. Any undue delay will only aid the criminal in such efforts.
  3. Even if it started as a consensual affair, a woman can say ‘no’ at any time. When you start any activity jointly, it is always difficult to walk out in the middle. This is very much true in consensual sex. Think thousand times before your consent, either by intent or by default. Otherwise, say ‘no’ at the earliest.
  4. A woman can have multiple sexual partners. What she chooses to do in her own time isn’t anybody’s concern. It is immoral for both men and women to have multiple sex partners, but may be not illegal. Anyone has a right to be immoral. Having any kind of expertise, or lack of it, does not enhance or diminish this right.
  5. A woman’s clothes aren’t testimony to her character. True. Indecent people do parade in decent clothes. Some time, very decent people do come in rather revealing clothes. But decent people, both men and women, are expected to attire themselves decently in public and they also expect others to do the same. Revealing clothes expose people, especially women, to some risks.
  6. Even in a feminist world, men have to be courteous to women. Women value generosity in a man. Similarly, men value modesty in a woman.
  7. Don’t exploit woman’s emotions as leverage for bargaining for her freedom and choices she makes. Many women are also seen to exploit such emotions against men. Any such exploitation either way is despicable.
  8. You wouldn’t like to be told how to live your life. Don’t tell woman how to live hers. Woman sometimes need advice of friends and close relatives, even on some private matters. She should not hesitate to ask. Any unsolicited advice does irritate you, I agree.
  9. Her freedom – to wear what she wants, to go where she wants, to choose her friends – isn’t yours to bestow. Any youngster will sometimes need the advice and acceptance of his/her seniors on such matters. Outsiders definitely do not have any say on this.

Having said all this purely in the interest of safety of my wife, sisters, mothers, daughters, colleagues and friends, I sincerely wish for more space for all women to grow, to move about, to progress, to enjoy and to achieve as per their wish and aspirations. It is going to be about a year since the release of the Hindi film PINK, where Amitabh Bachan plays the part of an advocate for the victimized girls and makes many significant statements supporting freedom and safety for women. He also advices girls some responsible behavior while demanding and enjoying such freedom. At the end of the film he celebrates women freedom with a poem rendered very convincingly, in his sonorous voice.

On this Independence Day of India (15th Aug 2017), we celebrate the independence India obtained from Britain. We also celebrate this as a day of freedom from many other ills of our society which we got rid off during this 70 years of Independence.

Let me celebrate this Independence Day 2017 as a day for Women’s Freedom, by translating the PINK Poem into English and dedicating the same to Women’s Freedom.


Translation by L V Nagarajan


You decide your path and depart

Why fear? And hesitate for what?

Go! Even time is on your side, Start

Yes time is on your side, Start.

Decide your path and depart


Folks who restrict; bend them as a bow

Break the restricts to pieces

And use them as arrows,

Make them as arrows

Decide your path and depart


Your conduct so pure, why hardships to endure 

With sins in their mind,

Who allows them to judge you?

Why allow them to judge you?

Decide your path and depart


Those tricks of cruelty, burn them to ashes

The wick in your lamp can become

The big torch of your anger

Light the torch of your anger

Decide your path and depart


Raise your scarf as banner; for skies to shudder

If ever your scarf falls,

A quake should occur. 

Yes, a quake will occur

Decide your path and depart


Original Hindi Version


Tu khud ki khoj mein nikal   Tu kisliye hatash hai

Tu chal, Tere Wajood ki  Samay ko bhi talash hai.

samay ko bhi talash hai

(Tu khud ki khoj mein nikal)

Jo tujhse lipti bediayan…Samajhna inko vastra tu

Ye bediyan pighal ke..Bana le inko shastra tu..

Bana le inko shastra tu

(Tu khud ki khoj mein nikal)

Charitra jab pavitra hai..Toh kyoun hai ye dasha teri

Ye papiyon ko hak nahi..Ki lein pariksha teri.

Ki lein pariksha teri

(Tu khud ki khoj mein nikal)

Jala ke bhasm kar use jo krurta ka jal hai

Tu Aarati ki lau nahi..Tu krodh ki mashal hai..

Tu krodh ki mashal hai

(Tu khud ki khoj mein nikal)

Chunar ko udaa dhwaj bana gagan bhi kap-kapayegaa

Agar teri chunar geeri..Toh ek bhukamp ayegaa.

.ek bhukamp ayegaa

(Tu khud ki khoj mein nikal)

Happy Independence day to all.

Electronic Voting Machines (EVMs) used in Indian Elections

March 26, 2017

In the recent elections to five provincial states of India, Electronic Voting Machines (EVMs) were used for all the voters. After the massive victory of central ruling party, BJP, there were many baseless complaints about EVMs, raised by responsible politicians, including sitting and former chief ministers. Though they did not provide any proof of rigging of the machine, their allegation surely creates some doubts in at least some small sections of the people. There are many features in the EVM which prevents any type of mechanical, electronic or network based fraud. The actual Balloting Unit (BU) is only a slave unit to the main Control Unit (CU). The micro programmed chip which resides in the CU is manufactured and programmed abroad. Once programmed, it cannot be altered in any way. The CU does not have any remote input and hence cannot be controlled from remote by any network device. There are many tests done at the booth level before the machine is put to use. These tests are witnessed and approved by the booth agents of the contestants, before the machine is finally sealed off securely and thereafter, will be always under the watchful eyes of police, election officials and the agents of contestants till the results are downloaded and declared. All these features are generally accepted and agreed upon by all the politicians and the voting public. However a few doubts are expressed in the following areas.

The Doubts:
The program inside the CU could be biasetowards one particular button. This doubt is easily answered, as button numbers of candidates of different political parties are different at different constituencies and doing an en-mass biasing of buttons is not a choice at all. In addition a mock polling test is conducted one hour before the polling in front of the agents and officials, with more than 50 votes polled at random and the results shown to all. After this test the CU is sealed and secured. There is a demo of this mock polling, available on U-tube as below:

The following are some of the questions answered by Election Commission in their website:

Q11. Can booth – capturing be prevented by the use of EVMs?
Ans. By booth-capturing, if one means, taking away or damaging of ballot boxes or ballot papers, this evil cannot be prevented by the use of EVMs as EVMs can also be forcibly taken away or damaged by miscreants. But if one looks at booth capturing as a case of miscreants intimidating the polling personnel and stamping the ballot papers on the symbol and escaping in a matter of minutes, this can be prevented by the use of EVMs. The EVMs are programmed in such a way that the machines will record only five votes in a minute. As recording of votes has necessarily to be through Control Unit and , whatever be the number of miscreants they can record votes only at the rate of 5 per minute. In the case of ballot papers, the miscreants can distribute all the 1000 odd ballot papers assigned to a polling station, among themselves, stamp them, stuff them into the ballot boxes and run away before the police reinforcements reach. In half- an –hour, the miscreants can record only a maximum of 150 votes by which time, chances are the police reinforcement would have arrived. Further, the presiding Officer or one of the Polling Officers can always press the “close” button as soon as they see some intruders inside the polling station. It will not be possible to record any vote when once the ‘close’ button is pressed and this will frustrate the efforts of the booth-capturers.

Q21. Is it possible to program the EVMs in such a way that initially, say upto 100 votes, votes will be recorded exactly in the same way as the `blue buttons’ are pressed, but thereafter, votes will be recorded only in favour of one particular candidate irrespective of whether the `blue button’ against that candidate or any other candidate is pressed?
Ans. The microchip used in EVMs is sealed at the time of import. It cannot be opened and neither any rewriting of program can be done by anyone without damaging the chip. There is, therefore, absolutely no chance of programming the EVMs in a particular way to select any particular candidate or political party.

Q24. In the conventional system, it will be possible to know the total number of votes polled at any particular point of time. In EVMs ‘Result’ portion is sealed and will be opened only at the time of counting. How can the total number of votes polled be known on the date of poll?
Ans. In addition to the ‘Result’ button, there is a ‘total’ button on EVMs. By pressing this button the total number of votes polled upto the time of pressing the button will be displayed without indicating the candidate-wise tally.

Q28. In the conventional system, before the commencement of poll, the Presiding Officer shows to the polling agents present that the ballot box to be used in the polling station is empty. Is there any such provision to satisfy the polling agents that there are no hidden votes already recorded in the EVMs?
Ans. Yes
Before the commencement of poll, the Presiding Officer demonstrates to the polling agents present that there are no hidden votes already recorded in the machine by pressing the result button. Thereafter, he will conduct a mock poll by asking the polling agents to record their votes and will take the result to satisfy them that the result shown is strictly according to the choice recorded by them. Thereafter, the Presiding Officer will press the clear button to clear the result of the mock poll before commencing the actual poll.

Q29. How can one rule out the possibility of recording further votes at any time after close of the poll and before the commencement of counting by interested parties?
Ans. As soon as the last voter has voted, the Polling Officer in-charge of the Control Unit will press the ‘Close’ Button. Thereafter, the EVM will not accept any vote. Further, after the close of poll, the is disconnected from the Control Unit and kept separately. Votes can be recorded only through the . Again the Presiding officer, at the close of the poll, will hand over to each polling agent present an account of votes recorded. At the time of counting of votes, the total will be tallied with this account and if there is any discrepancy, this will be pointed out by the Counting Agents.

My Suggestions:
In addition to all the above features, to improve the voter confidence, Supreme Court had ordered a system called Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail (VVPAT). Under this system, the Balloting Unit, BU, includes a sealed printer with a viewing window and sealed box underneath where the paper strip falls after Voter verifies his voting preference as printed therein. This will help in actual counting, in case of any major contest about the result. Though it is not clear how this system will be used when it comes to wider use, my suggestion is the following:
These voting slips should actually be counted as a sample in some random booths to check whether it follows the general trend of voting pattern in the respective areas of polling. For example we may decide on actual slip counting, in 10 polling booths in a bye-election, in 30 polling booths throughout the state in a state assembly election and in 100 polling booths throughout the country in case of parliamentary elections. In case of any major discrepancy in voting trends, more PU’s may be examined for further investigation. In case of any legal demands, full counting of the slips may also be ordered by the court. This would definitely improve the confidence of voters and candidates on the EVM procedures.
Here is my another suggestion to increase the voter confidence: it is to allow for mock-polling within the actual polling period also. Two such intermediate mock polls may be allowed at the times chosen by the agents. During this mock poll, the times of the commencement and end of mock poll, and the actual voting pattern may all be noted and stored in the control unit (CU), for later verification at the time counting . During these intermediate mock polls, say for about 15 minutes each, actual polling may be stopped and resumed immediately afterwards. The CU programme should include a feature to find the ‘RESULT’ between different times also. This will help the agents at the time of final counting, to check and verify whether the intermediate mock poll results tally with what is already noted down. This timed counting feature will also help to detect other polling frauds, if any, found in future.

With this feature, the results when downloaded will be interpreted as in the example below:
Total votes polled – 1,25,372.
This may be verified against actual votes polled added with total intermediate mock poll votes polled.
Intermediate mock poll results are first retrieved from CU, as below:
1) From 11.30AM to 11.45AM – 57 Votes – Party-wise : A – 25, B – 18, C-4, D-10
2) From 3.15 PM to 3.30 PM – 66 Votes – Party-wise : A – 20, B – 22, C-11, D-13
Total – Mock Votes – 123 – Party-wise : A – 45, B – 40, C-15, D-23
Verified with the actual Test data and found correct by Election officials and agents.
Actual votes polled – 1,25,372 – 123 Mock Votes = 1,25,249
Party wise votes:
A – 36,253 – 45 Mock Votes = 36,208
B – 42,117 – 40 Mock Votes = 42,077
C – 26,318 – 15 Mock Votes = 26,303
D – 20684 – 23 Mock Votes = 20 661
Total – 1,25,372 – 123 Mock Votes = 1,25,249
Accordingly B will be declared as the winner.

It is sincerely hoped this will convince all the political parties about the use of EVMs. More than that, voters will not have any doubt on the election process. What is required is for the machine to be redesigned in a way that you may get the results in a time tagged manner. As far I could see, the counting procedure does not seem to include any facility for printing of the result. Such a facility may also be considered, as manual noting down of the result form the machine display is susceptible to human errors and mischief. It is now for the Election Commission and EVM designers to take up the issue. Long live Indian Democracy.

Post Script:

As I published the above blog on EVMs on 28th March 2017, I was disturbed to know from the media about the recent fiasco of EVM/VVPAT in MP, while testing and demonstration. VVAPAT was apparently found to print the same election symbol irrespective of the button pressed on Balloting Unit. The Election Commission has not only not offered any explanation for the fiasco, they stayed away from assuring the voting public any credible investigation. This definitely reduces the confidence of Voters like me on these machines. I also understand the concerns of politicians. However the solution is not to discard the EVMs and to go back to cumbersome Paper ballots. On the contrary we should find ways of improving the reliability and tamper-proof quality of EVMs. None of the politicians have suggested any solution but only blamed Election Commission. Response of EC is also far from satisfactory. While it is okay for normal politicians to immediately ask for debunking of the EVMs (with or without VVPAT), I thought, we can do something better than all of them. We can suggest solutions to make these machines better. As a voter I want the EVMs to continue with more improvements as we go along.

I have already suggested two solutions as above. The first suggestion is as explained in earlier paragraphs to allow for intermediate mock polls at random times during polling. My second suggestion was to decide on the operation VVPAT machines and declare openly about the mode of its usage, post completion of counting. Now my third suggestion is to improve the operation of VVPAT itself. Actually, the news came about the VVPAT fiasco, as I was posting this suggestion on VVPAT.

VVPAT machine is connected at one end to Balloting Unit (BU) and at the other end to Control Unit (CU). When voting button is pressed, the BU prompts the VVPAT printer to print the slip, which goes into the box after verification by the voter, (if at all he is smart enough to verify and report in case of any mismatch). VVPAT also sends this voting info to CU for recording it as a vote cast. Here is the catch. As a voter I prefer to verify what is recorded in CU and not what was registered in BU/VVPAT. Hence my suggestion is: Connect BU directly to CU as existing in the normal EVM. Connect VVPAT to CU and let VVPAT print what is recorded in CU after the vote is cast. Additionally, VVPAT can have another output to BU to blink the vote-recorded button LED for 6 Secs. This way voter will find it easy to verify the functioning of EVM, thus boosting his confidence level. Having a VVPAT machine in between Balloting Unit and Control Unit, introduces a source of tamper and hence must be avoided.

Presently VVPAT machine is connected as below:







The voting process will be:

– Press the required button in BU

– Look for the VVPAT to printout your selection

– Check whether your selection is shown correctly in the printout

– Look for the printout slip to get cut properly and falls down in the sealed box below.

Now you may leave the booth.

Suggested change is as below:









When connected like this, flow of voting information reverses. VVPAT will be able to now print what is registered in the Control Unit instead of what is selected in the Ballot Unit. We can use the ballot button lamp more intelligently as per the voting process described below:

– Press the required button in BU

– The blue LED behind the button will light up

– The CU will register your vote and communicate the same to VVPAT and the BU

– The Blue LED will start blinking six times to indicate your choice as recorded by the Control Unit

– At the same time VVPAT will print out the selection as recorded by CU.

– You may verify both as above and leave the booth.

I request the media and other powerful NGO for democracy to take up this suggestion seriously and improve the reliability and tamper proof nature of EVM and VVPAT machine. Let us make our electoral democracy fair and just.

Suggestions for Indian Govt. led by Shri Modi

June 10, 2014

Some suggestions for Shri Modi Govt. 

L V Nagarajan

Following are the suggestions from a law abiding tax payer and citizen of India for effecting a visible change in governance as promised by Shri Modi. These suggestions have already been conveyed to BJP Communication Cell. Any suggestions, which are agreeable and can be implemented by an executive order, should straightaway be implemented instead of the usual procedure of forming reform committee etcetera. Such usual procedures will only lead to delay and eventual loss of focus.

1.0 Electoral Reforms:

All Chief Election Commissioners for the last 20 years or more have complained that political parties lack the will to implement the electoral reforms already accepted by all concerned. Even such a small change like introducing NOTA option required a Supreme Court order to get implemented. While all the recommendations of electoral reforms may be reviewed in the present context, at least a few of them should be straightaway implemented without endlessly waiting for such a review. I have suggested a few of them below:

a)      The multiplicity of candidates is somewhat making our democracy meaningless. We have to find ways to avoid (or at least reduce) the same. Following measures may be considered:

–        Increasing the security deposit to about Rs 1 Lac or more

–        Consider loss of security deposit for all candidates who come 4th or below

–        We may give time for final withdrawal of candidates from contest till a few days before election, with an incentive of return of deposit. (With the use of EVMs, the candidates list can be modified even just a few days before the elections)

b)        We may introduce some additional eligibility criteria for the candidates. Education, experience, service record, moral background will all form part of such criteria, as below:

  1. For candidature to Parliament: Graduation or membership of a state legislature for at least 5-years.
  2. For candidature to state legislatures: Graduation or (High School education plus membership of local bodies for at least 5-years) or (membership of local bodies for at least 10-years).
  3. For candidature to local bodies: High school education or previous membership to such bodies for five years.

With the above scheme, even an unschooled common man can become an MP within 15 years, with his service record of electoral office.

2.0 Judicial Reforms

Number of criminal and civil cases pending in all our courts in India exceeds several lacs as per some reports. Out of these, number of cases pending for the last ten years or more exceeds one lac. We all know that justice delayed is just denied. Justice delayed for more than ten years is not only denial of justice, but also a promotion of injustice. With our very low conviction rate and. with our judicial procedures so delayed, people boldly commit illegal activities with the surety of enjoying the benefits of such activity for a long time before law and justice catch up with them. Hence it is very essential to reform of judicial system to ensure prompt conviction and timely justice. I have following suggestions:

a)      All civil cases of more than ten years duration should be referred to special panels of juries constituted in every panchayat of the country. The jury should consist of a district magistrate and several people of the district who command the respect of the local people. The jury should concentrate more on an acceptable compromise than on the disputable legalities. They should try and clear all the case in one hearing without allowing adjournments.

b)      All criminal cases of more than ten years should be referred to special fast-track courts constituted in every district. Special justices should be appointed if needed. These courts should hear all the cases on daily basis without allowing any adjournments except the ones required by the judicial process. They should try and clear the cases within a maximum of 4 hearings.

c)      On completion of the above process, need for special panels of juries and fast track courts may be reviewed and the same reduced or dissolved completely. Any case that exceeds the ten year pendency limit should be referred to such fast track courts in future to ensure timely justice.

3.0 Income Tax reforms 

Personal income tax is said to make a very small contribution to the national exchequer. However for the tax-paying middle class citizens it is a major out-flow from their finances. Moreover filing income tax returns, managing the Tax deduction at source and waiting for refunds are all occasions for great stress for the tax-paying aam-aadmi. Considering the fact that this middle class is the one that otherwise contribute a lot to the national exchequer by way of other indirect taxes like excise duty, service tax, sales tax and other municipal taxes the government should act with grace on their income taxes. Some of the immediate steps to be taken are:

a)      The income tax exemption limit should be raised immediately to Ra 5 Lacs from the current assessment year itself without waiting for the budget. It can be reconciled easily in the budget as and when it is made. It will relieve a large number of people from the periodic stress they undergo. Proportionately, tax saving investment limit under section 80C may be increased to 2 Lacs.

b)      TDS should be totally abolished for bank deposits, especially for senior citizens. Most of the retired people live on their interests from deposits. With inflation overtaking the interest rates, already their quality of life is permanently on the decline. With TDS you really put them to increased stress. Submitting form15G/H and keeping them up-to-date, banks struggling to manage these TDS deductions may all be avoided by this step. The present tax exemption limit of 2.5 lacs does not at all match with TDS for an interest income of Rs 10000 per quarter. Hence TDS should be totally abolished for bank deposits.

c)      Income tax refunds are never taken seriously by the government. Several millions of rupees are held up by the Govt. and this money belongs to law abiding tax-payers. If releasing large amount of refunds poses any financial strain on the govt., I have the following suggestion: Refunds may be paid to the parties by way of cash coupons of several denominations, which can be used by them for any future payment to the government – like registration charges, stamp duty, advance tax and self-assessment taxes etc.

More will follow.



February 17, 2012


L V Nagarajan

Democracy is any form of governance in which all the subjects can directly (or indirectly) participate in the decision-making process. It may be government of a country or just a small association like housing societies. Housing societies, for example, have only a few members and it is fairly easy to involve every member in the decision process and make the process more meaningful by even educating them on the subject matter. This may be termed as Direct Democracy. Larger the number of members, even a housing society, needs a managing committee with representatives selected through an election or a consensus. This may be termed as Representative Democracy. Larger the numbers of citizens, greater are the difficulties on the implementation of a direct democracy, especially in all the wings of a national government such as legislature, judiciary and executive. Representative democracy is a form of governance by the people through elected representatives. This is the most common system found in today’s democratic states. These representatives are elected by the people for a typical duration of four or five years. During this period they are supposed to represent the people who elected him, in all governmental process. But none of the democracies in the world has made this obligatory on the representative. Once he is elected, he is simply left on his own for the whole tenure. A representative is usually proposed as an electoral candidate by a political party and once he wins, he is expected to be more loyal to his party than people who elected him. This loyalty to the party is very well ensured in some democracies by enactment of anti-defection laws and the like. But, what about loyalty to his electors? At least some democracies do care. To ensure real democracy and to give voice to the people during the tenure of a not-so-loyal representative(s), these democracies allow three forms of political actions. They are known as Initiative, Referendum and Recall.  In political science, the initiative (also known as popular or citizen’s initiative) provides a means by which a petition signed by a certain minimum number of registered voters can force a public vote (plebiscite) on a proposed statute, constitutional amendment, charter amendment or ordinance, or, in its minimal form, to simply oblige the executive or legislative bodies to consider the subject by submitting it to the order of the day. A referendum is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. This may be the adoption of a new constitution, a constitutional amendment, a law, or simply a specific government policy. A recall is a procedure by which voters can remove an elected official from office through a direct vote (plebiscite), initiated when sufficient voters sign a petition. (ref: Wikipedia).

Even without these forms of political actions namely Initiative, Referendum and Recall, the ‘representative democracy’ has found overall acceptance among citizens, political analysts and politicians in many countries. However, there are continuous attempts by civil societies and citizens’ groups, to improve this election process, to get the same closer to real democracy and to ensure higher empowerment of citizens. One of the major deficiencies of current electoral system in many countries is that there is no guarantee that the elected representatives have a majority mandate from his electors. This is highly apparent in a multi-party democracy, where the winner gets only about 40% votes. Though higher than his opponents individually, it is lower than the 60% obtained by the combined opposition. In some democracies, to ensure that the winner gets a real majority mandate, elections to key positions are held in several rounds to eliminate all other candidates except the top two. Repeated rounds of elections for every constituency will be impractical and also be highly expensive. Neither can we force a two party system on any state, as, by itself, it is un-democratic. On further review, even in a two party system, a real mandate, though more probable, cannot be ensured. It is possible that a party with lower percentage of popular votes may win more number of constituencies to form a government. This has happened even in several advanced democracies in the world.

Proportional Representation based on popular votes is the usual solution proposed by many. A simple proportional representation (PR) system, which elects representatives based on party-list of candidates, seems to be less of a democracy, as the candidates are totally decided by the political parties and they are even less accountable to the electors. But several improvements have been done to this system to make this more democratic and these modified PR systems have been adopted in many European countries, New Zealand, South Africa and Australia. (For a very good description of how these systems work, please refer to:

To illustrate my point about the two-party democracy and its inadequacies, let us consider the following extreme scenarios. The only two parties, say, the Greens Party and Saffron Party, have popular votes of 51% and 49% respectively, overall in a total of 100 constituencies of a State. In an extreme case-A, let us consider Greens have 100% of support in 51 constituencies and Saffron have 100% of support in the remaining 49 constituencies. Greens will form government with a majority of 51 seats. It is fair enough, but not desirable, because the state is split vertically. In the extreme case-B, let us consider Greens and Saffron have perfectly uniform support of 51% and 49% individually in all the 100 constituencies. Greens will now form government with 100% victory. Saffron will be considered to have been rejected by the people. Here again, the state stands divided, horizontally, shall we say. Luckily, in a diverse population, the supports for Greens and Saffron are neither like case-A, nor like case-B. Even under such conditions, case-C throws up a paradox. Here we consider Saffron to have 55% vote in 60 constituencies and 40% in the remaining 40, amounting to 49% vote overall. Consequently, Greens will have 45% vote in the above 60 constituencies and 60% in the remaining 40, amounting to their overall vote share of 51%. Now Saffron, with 49% vote-share, will form the government with a massive majority of 60 seats, and Greens, with 51% vote-share, will be considered routed in the elections. Here comes the moral of the story. To avoid such a situation every party will withdraw their efforts from places where they already have major support and concentrate on where they are weak. While in one sense it is good for democracy, it may also lead to ‘vote-bank’ politics and appeasement of a few constituencies.

Hence we may conclude that a two-party system is not as great a solution, and at the same time multi party system is not as bad, as both of them are made out to be. The fault is in the electoral system. While it will be too drastic a change for any large country like India to adopt any of the existing PR (Proportional Representation) systems, some kind of proportional representation will have to be adopted early to avoid such problems as party misrepresentation, and the under-representation of political minorities, racial minorities, and women. As an Indian voter I suggest, the following simple changes in the electoral system initially for legislatures and parliament.

As of now members of Rajya Sabha (Council of States) are elected by elected representatives of legislatures, who themselves are elected by a miss-represented majority vote of the citizens. The Rajya Sabha consists of 233 elected members. The quota of members for each state is determined based on population of each state. The elected members of the respective state legislative assemblies elect their quotas of Rajya Sabha members on the basis of first transferable vote. Most of the time the parties know exactly how many of their own nominees can be elected by them and they nominate as many and get them elected by issuing a whip to their legislators. Occasionally they nominate one or two extra persons, to garner the possibility of obtaining the splinter votes of smaller parties who have no sufficient strength to get there own men elected.  Hence it will be fair to say that even these 233 elected members of Rajya Sabha, (RS), are mostly nominated by political parties and their election process is a mere formality. In the present system where a third of the members of RS retire every two years, the RS elections could happen twice or thrice during the tenure of a state assembly. Some times it may occur at a point when a state assembly tenure is about to be completed before a new general elections. It is possible that after the new elections the composition of parties in the new assembly could be vastly different, though the comparative percentage votes polled by them may not be as vastly different. This situation is particularly true in a multi party democracy.

Here is where my suggestion comes in. To get a fair representation, at least in the Rajya Sabha, we may decide on the quota of members for each political party based on amount of popular votes polled by them in the most recent assembly elections. For instance if we take the case of Tamil Nadu, it has a quota of 18 elected members in Rajya Sabha. When a third of them, i.e., 6 members retire, as per the present (2012) strength of parties, the assembly will elect 4 members of ADMK, 1 member of DMDK with the help of others, 1 member of DMK with the help of others. Their percentages of votes polled in the recent 2011 assembly election are respectively, 38.4, 7.9 and 22.4. But the Congress Party which obtained 9.3% votes does not get a Rajya Sabha seat. As per the proportional representation system, the allocation of these 6 seats will be: ADMK-3, DMK-2, and Congress–1. The parties will straightaway nominate their members without any election per se. If Tamil Nadu’s full quota of 18 seats is allocated this way, it will be as: ADMK – 8, DMK-5, Congress-2, DMDK-2, and PMK-1.  This reflects the will of the people more evenly in spite of the electoral alliances. In most of the matters Lok Sabha has overriding powers over Rajya Sabha, and hence, this higher degree of split membership will not hamper the present way of functioning of the government. Even as of now the ruling congress party has only 71 seats in Rajya Sabha, less than a third of total strength. BJP has 51 seats. There are 25 more political parties having seats varying from 1 to 13.

To find a similar way of proportional representation at the state level, we should make it constitutionally obligatory for the states to have legislative councils. As of now only six states have legislative councils (J&K, UP, Bihar, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh). The upper house or the legislative council has limited legislative powers, and was primarily intended for consultations and can not hold up legislation passed by the legislative assembly for more than a few months. The Legislative Assembly is composed of members directly elected from individual constituencies. Whereas the Legislative Council consists of members indirectly elected: by members of the Lower House, by nomination of the State government, and by elections from specially designated teachers’ and graduates’ constituencies. Alternately, member-ship to the legislative council may be based on the percentage of popular votes polled by the parties in the most recent assembly elections. Exact mechanism of allocating these seats and the process of election/selection can be decided upon after obtaining some experience with the similar process for the Rajya Sabha as suggested earlier.

Apart from obtaining an equitable representation for all political parties and minorities, this system will have many long term advantages. All parties will try to have a broad based support instead of a localised support, because even in regions where they lose the elections, the votes obtained by them has still some value in boosting their percentage of popular votes. Voters also will be encouraged to vote for a party even if their candidate is likely to lose in a particular constituency. To be considered for proportional representation, we may stipulate, a party should contest a minimum number of seats and in them it should obtain a minimum percentage of votes.

Bitter Harvest

February 28, 2010

I read this article Bitter Harvest by Radha Rajadhyaksha, in Time of India dated 28th Feb 2010. It is about ‘Nero’s Guests’, Deepa Bhatia’s award-winning documentary film centering around farmers’ suicides, in rural India. I am quite moved by this article and I hope to see the DVD also. I give below a few excerpts from this article for your quick view.

Says P. Sainath, a Magsaysay Award winner and a chronicler of the unending human tragedy that’s unfolding in rural India, “There are 311 billionaires in India, a survey says this is the fourth happiest country in the world, and we had not one but two fashion meets this year.’’ The scathing sarcasm is laced with anger: “It’s very clear who the government exists for. When the sensex fell a few years ago, it took two hours for the then finance minister to come to Bombay by a special flight to hold the hands of weeping billionaires. It took ten years for the prime minister to visit farm households in a state where over 40,000 farmers have committed suicide since 1995 according to government data.’’

Now to visuals of a hungry child asking his mother for food, now to cattle patiently ploughing the soil:

Mute calves from Warhad are we

Watching the plunder of mother’s milk

Drenching the earth drop by drop

With our sweat yielding pearls

Yet our babies in hunger fret.

(Warhad is a village in Maharashtra)

There’s a clip of Sainath’s address to Parliament where he talks of how farmers were forced to kill themselves because they couldn’t get 8,000 rupees at a decent rate of interest. “And after covering such cases, I come back to my house and get a letter from my bank offering me a loan for a Mercedes at six per cent interest, no collateral required. What kind of justice is there in such a society? What kind of justice is this?’’ he demands agitatedly as Rahul Gandhi and Mani Shankar Aiyer look visibly uncomfortable. 

Deepa closes her film by cutting back to the question raised at the beginning: Who were Nero’s guests? Sainath then relates the true story of Nero, the notorious Roman emperor who, faced with a paucity of lighting at a grand party, provided it by emptying his prisons and burning undertrials at the stake. “The guests at the party were the elite of Rome, and to the best of our knowledge, nobody protested,’’ Sainath says. “I always wonder what sort of mindset it would require to pop one more grape as another human being bursts into flames.’’ Parallel drawn, he pauses for a second, and then continues: “We can differ on how to solve this problem, on even our analysis of the problem. But maybe we can make one starting point: we can all agree that we will not be Nero’s guests.’’

You can revisit your conscience by logging on to You may by the DVD and Part of the proceeds will go to farmers’ families in distress.

Candidate’s Manifesto

November 22, 2009


The following should become a part of election manifestos of all political parties. If the parties do not agree, at least all the candidates with conscience may adopt these as their manifestos in addition to their party’s. No party will object to these. I wish Congress and BJP will take lead in this during the next elections to any State assembly or any bi-election. Or any activity groups like AGNI may insist an undertaking on this basis from the candidates. Or, better still, Election commission may insist on all candidates to accept such an undertaking in writing.


During the election process:

  1. I will abide by the election norms in all respects
  2. I will not spend more money than stipulated by the election commission.
  3. I will spend only legal and accountable money in the elections.
  4. I will not bribe voters to vote for me, nether I will bribe election officers for any special favours.
  5. All my election speeches will be decent. I will not make any personal attacks on my opponents.
  6. I will totally avoid violence during the whole election process.


After I am elected

  1. I will spend at least 100 days in a year in the constituency
  2. I will maintain an attendance of at least 90% when the elected body is in session
  3. As an elected representative, I will conduct myself with decency and decorum during the above sessions and in my private and public life
  4. I will always place my constituency above my party; and my party above myself
  5. I will not engage in corrupt practices; neither will I encourage them in others.
  6. I will respect the principles of democracy and will not in any way encourage hero worship of myself or others.
  7. I will endeavour to be free of any bias based on caste, creed or religion

Even if half of the contestants are convinced to adopt such a manifeso and even half of them implement the same sincerely, it will make a great difference to the body politic in India.


A Candidate’s Budget for Indian Elections

February 19, 2009

The Election Commission has put a limit on election expenses. In the case of Parliament Elections, the election expenses in all the major states are limited to Rs. 25,00,000 for each constituency. But everybody including the election commission knows that this rule is rarely respected by any candidate including those of the recognized political parties. The actual expenses by each serious candidate exceed several crores of rupees. There are many questions here for which nobody seeks answers: what is the source of such money being spent in the elections, how do these candidates or political parties plan to recover such amounts spent, how do these political parties (including the opposition) create funds for the next election, are there any accounting or auditing of such funds? This is one area where all political parties, ruling and non-ruling, collude together and keep the people in the dark, both literally and figuratively. It is illegal money that is spent illegally as above. No finance minister ever questions the legality of such big sums of money or its nexus with illegal and criminal activities in the country. No surprise then, that Indians hold about Rs. 6,40,000 crores in Swiss Bank accounts, according to an official report by Swiss Government !. Unless election expenses are actually reduced to a more reasonable level, there is no way to reduce the influence of criminals on party politics and to help a meaningful democracy emerge in India. Now let us try and see what is the reasonable level of election expense is for a parliamentary candidate. Let us make an election budget. Hopefully this will help some people seriously thinking of contesting the elections, say as independents.


The election expenses can be put under many heads as below:

1 Election Deposit and Nomination Rs. 30,000
2 10 Public Rallies x Rs 10,000 Rs.1,00,000
3 25 Public Meetings x Rs 3000 Rs. 75,000
4 100 Road Shows x Rs 500 Rs. 50,000
5 Big Posters 50 x Rs. 8000 Rs. 4,00,000
6 Small Posters 300 x Rs. 1000 Rs. 3,00,000
7 Mini Posters 3000 x Rs. 80 Rs. 2,40,000
8 Manifesto 3000 x Rs.15 Rs. 45,000
9 Appeals 10000 x Rs. 2 Rs. 20,000
10 Bit Notices 50000 x Re.1 Rs. 50,000
11 Transport (10 cars, 25 Autos, 200 bicycles) x 20 Days
(200 x 1000, 500 x 175, 4000 x 50) Rs. 4,87,500
12 Computers & Communication Rs. 3,00,000
13 Expenses towards guest speakers, volunteers, political workers and election agents Rs2,25,000
14 Election Offices 50×1000 Rs. 50,000
15 Miscellaneous Expenses Rs. 1,27,500
  Total Expenses Rs. 25,00,000

These estimates can be adjusted according to actual field conditions and the types of constituencies, urban, semi-urban or rural. 


We, as voters, should not expect the candidates, especially serious independents to spend the above amount, out of their pockets. Then it becomes an investment for them and naturally they will look forward to profiting from his office as elected member of the house. This will lead to growing corruption. Hence as voters we should donate major portion of the above amount. Here is guide to independent candidate to mobilize resources for the above amount:


10 proposers @  10000 each Rs   4    Lacs
10 Major Industrialists @  40000 each Rs   4    Lacs
30 Major Business men @  20000 each Rs   6    Lacs
50 Major shop owners @   6,000 each Rs   3    Lacs
500 Small shop-keepers & Business men @      500 each Rs   2.5 Lacs
5000 well employed people @      100 each Rs.  5    Lacs
Hundi Collection from  10-Rallies 10×3000 Rs.  0.3 Lacs
Hundi Collection from 24 public meetings 24×500 Rs.  0.12 Lac
Hundi Collection from  100-road shows 100×80 Rs.  0.08 Lac
TOTAL Collections Rs.25    Lacs

We may not be able to collect all this at one stretch. The candidate should create an election fund to be managed by one of his supporters. He should send appeals to all prospective doners. He should publish periodic accounts of the fund’s income and expenses. As his presence on the election scene gets stronger, more and more people will come forward to contribute.


I am presenting below  a suggested cash flow scheme which can be fine tuned as per the field conditions:


cashflow3-page-002Campaign Strategy:

Apart from organizing rallies, public meetings,and road shows, a candidate should also have separate face-to-face meetings with different sections of society as below:

a)      Politically and socially active people of the constituency

b)      Teachers and college students

c)      Farm labourers and other workers

d)     Artisans like, masons, carpenters, , painters, black smiths and gold smiths.

e)      Fabricators and owners of small workshops and garages

f)       Hoteliers, restaurants and shopkeepers

g)      Senior citizens

h)      Women activists and women associations

i)        Religious groups (Care to be taken to avoid appeals on the basis of religion)

j)        Cultural groups and troupes

k)      Employees from Govt and private enterprises

l)        Tax payers…..etc.  


The above will help him understand his constituency better and would also help him draft his manifesto (which will be released just two weeks before the election date).

During the campaign, care should be taken to avoid association with criminals and corrupt people in general, especially the already notorious ones. One should also avoid being identified with any special interest groups or any vested interests.


It is earnestly hoped that this draft budget for election expenses will encourage honest and socially active independents to come forward to fight the elections and the corrupt political system. We should reduce the need to spend so much on elections to make it as a democracy for the people, of the people and by the people. The people should aspire to do more than just vote. Of course more importantly all people should vote. Jai Hind!